The recent Digital Markets Act obliges so-called designated gatekeepers, including Google and Apple, to supply services to other digital firms on ‘fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory’ terms – or FRAND in the Brussels jargon.
Fairness was also part of the equation when German lawmakers debated how high a tax to levy on the windfall energy profits made after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine without scrambling the energy market’s well-functioning supply and demand signals.
Inequality takes many forms and has many causes. We look at how these various causes interact with each other, compounding the problem. One group constantly battling for fairer outcomes is women. We explore how women are underrepresented across Europe in science, technology, engineering and maths jobs, resulting in lost output, lower productivity and reduced innovation. We reckon the key to redressing this growth-sapping imbalance is more generous parental leave for fathers.